You have two options:
- You can look at the picture of Carla Bley, say to yourself “Well, she just looks silly”, click Delete and spend the next seven minutes listening to a digital organ play Chinese torture music while you wait on the phone to make an appointment for the orthodontist.
- You can watch this clip of Carla Bley and her partner Steve Swallow playing her composition ‘Lawns’, and witness as true an expression of love as can be made through music.
I’ve watched this clip of ‘Lawns’ maybe 30 times in the last month. I mean, I really like it.
She’s a character, a dynamo, hilarious and wacky and imposing. But she is first and foremost a singular composer of elusive, intriguing, beautiful songs.
Her partner Steve Swallow eschewed the double bass for an electric bass in the late 1960s, a pioneering move for a progressive jazz musician. It’s true that the bass traditionally and by nature provides support for a lead instrument. And the fact that Carla is such a strong composer (and imposing figure) that she might seem to ‘wear the pants’ (jeez, you can probably get arrested today for using that phrase) in the relationship. But when you actually listen, you see that he more than holds his own. First of all, he’s more of an instrumentalist than Carla. She’s plays a songwriter’s piano. He is a full partner in making the music.
It’s a voyeuristic experience, watching this couple making musical love. It’s not a Hollywood Barbie and Ken Get It On scene. It’s about real humans, serious and mature and wrinkled, and real love.
This is what love at 60 should be. Not screaming and strutting or popping buttons and groaning. It’s the gentle, warm intimacy born of years of two very individual individuals living together, creating a world bigger than the sum of their own selves.
‘Ladies in Mercedes’–from “Duets”
At 17, in 1955, Carla hitchhiked from California to New York, where she got a job as a cigarette girl in Birdland, a leading jazz venue. At 19 she married dour avant garde Montreal pianist Paul Bley for a while. Then she was married to Austrian avant garde trumpeter Michael Mantler from 1965 to 1991, with whom she pioneered the independent free jazz scene, establishing an artist-owned big band, record label and distribution agency for progressive jazz. And since then, from what I can gather, she’s been with bassist extraordinaire Steve Swallow, with whom she’d been collaborating musically since the late 70s.
She’s also recorded well over 30 albums in a wide variety of contexts–big band, smaller ensembles, and in recent years duets with Swallow and trios with him and saxophonist Andy Sheppard.
I’ve been listening to nothing but Carla for the last month, and I feel that I’m still far from having absorbed the life’s work of this major artist.
Although her reputation is primarily as a composer in the world of free jazz, I’ve found her oeuvre to be surprisingly diverse. And accessible. And fun. And rewarding.
Kurt Elling just released “The Questions”, a typically eclectic, surprising and serious theme album–this time probing “the big questions – What is this life? Does meaning have being? Why is there such suffering and pain? Where is the wellspring of wisdom?”
“We’re two musicians who have dedicated ourselves to a similar task – to be jazz musicians to the greatest extent of our abilities. We pay attention to the real heroes of the music, we play in the style and spirit of the greatest jazz musicians who ever lived, and we don’t cut corners. We’re here to play great melodies and express authentic emotion – to be the real deal as much as we can.” [On his second consecutive collaboration with Bradford Marsalis; we discussed in SoTW 261 Elling’s treatment of Sting’s ‘Practical Arrangement’]
Here Carla Bley’s ‘Lawns’ becomes ‘Endless Lawns,’ with Elling’s new lyric interposed with a poem by Sara Teasdale. Thank you Kurt, both for your reading, and for getting me to go back and get past the hair.
I was quite aware of Carla before this. First of all as the composer of a cut that’s long been very close to my heart–‘Jesus Maria’:
I listen to a fair amount of free jazz. I’m not opposed to dissonance, grit, or taking a leap of faith to follow a demanding artist. But my feet are placed firmly in the camp of “I’ll give it a 9—it’s got a good melody and you can dance to it,” just like most normal humans.
But here and there, there’s difficult music that grabs me.
021: Mal Waldron & Steve Lacy, ‘Snake Out’
037: Lee Konitz, ‘Alone Together’ (w. Charlie Haden & Brad Mehldau)
178: The Claudia Quintet +1 feat. Kurt Elling, ‘Showtime’ (“What is the Beautiful?”)
In the early 1960s, the trio of Jimmy Giuffre (reeds), Paul Bley and Steve Swallow, made a series of free jazz recordings that speak to me very directly and strongly. Here are two versions of ‘Jesus Maria’ by that trio — from ‘Emphasis‘ (live) and from ‘Fusion‘, both 1961.
And here’s Carla’s own septet version. What can I say? I connect to Giuffre’s trio readings, not to the trombone-based septet. And if I’d stopped listening to Carla at this point, I’d have remained convinced that she’s a composer.
But there’s so much more.
As I said, I’ve been listening to her non-stop for a month now, but she’s been recording prolifically for 50 years, and it would be a serious injustice to think that one can fully digest the life’s work of a serious artist in a few weeks.
So I’m going to present you with a pile of music, and cordially invite you to do some exploring on your own.
Throughout much of her career, Carla’s main vehicle has been her big band. Here’s a fine blog posting reviewing that whole period. I’ll bring a few examples from those recordings below, but I’ve been mostly drawn in by her duets with Swallow and trios with him and Sheppard.
Here’s her song ‘The Girl Who Cried Champagne’ in three very different versions:
- 1988 – Fleur Carnivore–a typically outrageous, wry big band treatment
- 1987 – Sextet–from her disco/fusion period, but charming nonetheless
- 2013 – Trios–this is the stuff that really gets me; her compositions, they shine
Here’s her beautiful ballad ‘Utviklingssang’ (‘Song in development’ in Norwegian)
- 1981 – from the big band album “Social Studies”
- 1988 – “Duets”, with Swallow; my favorite album of all
- 2013 – “Trios”, with Swallow and Sheppard
Here are some interpretations of her “Ad Infinitum”:
- Art Farmer – the original recording, from his album “Sing Me Softly of the Blues” (also a Carla song, 1965)
- From Carla’s early big band “Dinner Music”, 1976
- From the 1992 duet album with Swallow, “Go Together”
And here are readings by three different artists of her ‘Ida Lupino’ (a hard-headed 1950s actress turned director of socially-conscious films, the first female to break into the Hollywood director Boy’s Club):
- From Carla’s “Dinner Music”, 1976
- From Paul Bley’s excellent 1972 “Open, To Love”, showing what an excellent pianist can do with Carla’s material
- Steve Kuhn, another excellent pianist, from his “Three Waves”
And here’s ‘Peau Douce’
- From Carla and Steve’s “Go Together”
- And from no less than Bill Evans (“I Will Say Goodbye”, 1977)
Of this entire treasure chest, I keep going back to “Duets”. So I’ll leave you with one last taste of the musical intercourse these two artists share with us, ‘Romantic Notion #3’. Listen to the interplay between them. She puts up the coffee, he goes for the newspaper. After breakfast, they make music. Two distinct and distinctive personalities. Sharing a life. Making joyous music.
Speaking of Chinese torture music I am most familiar with Carla Bley from A Genuine Tong Funeral, a work released as a Gary Burton album but which Bley was very much behind as composer and the brains behind the sections that were brass not vibes. It was the 60s and I was no doubt caught up in the meaning of it all, whatever that was supposed to be. But it has aged well in my mind, and I find myself going back to it a lot over the years. I am not that familiar with a lot of her other work so thanks for the guidance.
It was also way back then that I was introduced to a different version of Paul Bley playing Ida Lupino, on an obscure sampler album put out by ESP records. Loved that. Ida Lupino, the Fugs and Ornette Coleman’s Sadness. It left me scratching my head in my parent’s ranch house in a suburb of Worcester, but in a good way.
Nice. Really nice!
I have been a Carla Bley fan since the first time I listened to her music! Having run a Jazz Society many years ago, I was involved with great musicians, and I’ve had the honor of meeting so many great ones! One time I had the great honor of interviewing Sun Ra and other wonderful players! Thanks for letting me share my thoughts with your site!
Thanks for letting me share my thoughts with you about this site! I really enjoyed listening to Carla Bley playing! I have been a fan of hers for so many years! I grew up on rock and jazz, and I worked as a DJ on many radio stations. But my first love has been Jazz, and I have interviewed so many great musicians, one of which was the great Sun Ra for almost two hours years ago! What a wonderful soul he was!
I was intrigued by your perspective on Carla Bley and her music. Sort of a catching up for me as I have just started following her work again. And the link that you included to an article on some of her earlier, big band work was also interesting. It is certainly a tribute to her wide-ranging and long-lasting influence that neither your piece nor the other made any mention of what I would say is her most startling contribution to jazz and music in general – Escalator Over The Hill (EOTH). I just bought a second vinyl copy of EOTH this week! If you haven’t heard it and are interested, I would suggest/ask that you sit down with the booklet (the larger booklet with the LP’s is a much better experience) and listen through if you can. There is even some text that is not sung, and much that I at least was able to get by being able to see the text while listening.
Thanks for the nudge. I shall revisit it–with the larger booklet, if I can find it.
I was listening to old episodes of Night Music and did a search on Carla Bley and ended up back with you. She was that cigarette girl? Wow!
Spectacular video, thank you! Saw them both during their Duets tour at Vanderbilt, TN in the late 80s. Unforgettable performances, two of my favorites.